Logos Pathos Ethos abstract

Logos is the logical appeal of reason. There are two parts to logos inductive and deductive resoning. Inductive reasoning requires specific situations or facts
that draw generalizations or conclusions from those situations. While deductive is the vice versa form of inductive where you start with a generalization and then apply that generalization to a specific case. Some examples of this were the following: We should take the Hummer SUV off the road because it is a car that harms the environment. However, all cars, not just SUVs, harm the environment, so the government would take all the cars off the roads. The author of this example generalizes too much when he makes the assumption that if we dispatch the Hummer then all cars would be taken off the roads which is not the same thing.
There are many fallacies that come from generalization. There are those that come from a first time experience, then there are those that come from not enough evidence to prove how something happend, and etc.
Ethos is the ethical appeal to reason baised on the character, crediblilty and/or reliability fo the author. This can be done in many different ways. The Author could use only the best credible sources in their arguement. They could show the opposing side in the same light as the supported side.There is the way that the author organized the information so it is easy to follow. Lastly there is just proofreading the argument so that there are no mistakes that could show the weakness of the writer either in the grammer or in the way he speaks.
Pathos is the emotional appeal, which appeals to the audiences emotional needs that are linked to their values. Even though arguments are mainly baised on reason and logic, the emotional side of an argument can be the detailed portrait of the people that is maintained by personal experiences, credible interviews, or the stories of others who have had the experiences. The only time a person should use the pathos aspect of an argument is if they truly and whole heatedly believe in the cause of the argument. Never use pathos as a way to distract or scare people from the issue at hand.